Pictures were taken by Gertrude Meyer
on May 2, 2005.
Temple Of Vesta
This temple seems small when compared to the others, but is still very large on the human scale. The man in the picture gives evidence of that. If you want to compare the scale of this to other buildings turn back to page 23, and compare it to the Arch of Titus, which was much further from the camera.
Originally constructed during the reign of the Kings — 753 BC to 509 BC — it was a circular
in form, imitating the shape of the primitive huts. The Vestial Virgins guarded the sacred flame which was a symbol of the life of the Urbs.
The ever-burning flame exposed the building to the constant danger of fire, and over the centuries it was repeatedly burned — six building phases can be identified.
The Vestals enjoyed great prestige and many privileges. The six priestesses were chosen from the noblest Roman families, and were obliged to belong to the cult for 30 years. They were required to take a vow of chastity, and if it was broken, they were condemned to being buried alive.
Ernst poses near the Temple of Julius Caesar, where Caesar's body was cremated after his assassination in 44 BC. In the background is the Tabularium, the Arch of Septimius Severus, Santi Luca e Martina church, the Curia, and the immense monument to Victor Emmanual.
Julius Caesar's Grave
When Gertrude took the picture, she was in awe by the sight before her...
... when you think that the pharaohs of Egypt had pyramids built for their burials, it is unbelievable the Caesar would have such a humble grave ... and also unbelievable that about 2000 years later Romans are still laying flowers on his grave.
The grave is protected by a simple stone enclosure.
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